Twitter has announced that 6.1 billion posts concerning K-pop have been shared on its platform during the past 12 months. A total of over 300 different topics concerning Korean pop music emerged this year (spanning many different bands).
In my long practice as an Emergency Physician, I have seen way too many patients with heart attacks. This is not surprising considering that heart attacks are one of the leading causes of death throughout the world. In the United States close to 1 million people die from a heart attack every year. If this sounds scary to you then remember that many of the risk factors, including obesity and smoking, are things within your control to change. Although you need to have an EKG and laboratory tests to diagnose a heart attack, there are symptoms you should be aware of that are concerning and warrant a trip to the ER. Please know that not everyone experiences a heart attack the same way and if you are concerned that you are having a heart attack please seek immediate medical treatment. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.1 Pressure Like Chest PainAlthough the pain of a heart attack can be different for each person, typically the chest pain associated with a heart attack is not sharp, or stabbing, but rather a feeling of pressure and heaviness. Many patients will actually describe this feeling as if they have an elephant sitting on their chest.2 Shortness of BreathHeart attacks can cause a decrease in the heart's ability to pump blood throughout the body. With the pump not working, fluid can build up into tissues such as the lungs. The fluid in the lungs will make it difficult for the lungs to work which can cause shortness of breath.RELATED: 11 Signs You Need to Go the ER—By an ER Doctor3 SweatingIf you are sweating concurrently with chest pain, this increases the likelihood that you are having a heart attack. Usually described as a "cold sweat,", this kind of perspiration will leave you and your clothes soaked even in a cool room.4 VomitingVomiting associated with chest pain or shortness of breath is concerning. Thought to be due to rapidly progressing damage to the heart muscle, vomiting with chest pain should be a symptom that brings you to the Emergency Department.5 LightheadednessLightheadedness or a feeling that your are going to pass out is normally caused by blood not getting to the brain. From problems with the rhythm of the heart, to problems with pumping blood to the brain, it is very common for patients having heart attacks to feel lightheaded. RELATED: 11 Signs COVID is in Your Heart6 HeartburnAlthough pain is usually on one side or the other, it is not uncommon for the pain to present in the middle of the chest similar to heartburn. Even if the pain is improved with treatment for indigestion, such as antacids, a heart attack has not been ruled out.7 Arm PainChest pain that radiates to the left arm has always been thought of as a classic symptom of a heart attack. It is now known that although the pain can be in the left arm, pain in either arm could be a symptom of a heart attack. Patients usually describe the pain to be a heaviness or aching.8 Neck Veins BulgingThe heart is a pump that is meant to push blood around the body. If the heart is damaged, as it is when you have a heart attack, the pump stops working. This can cause the blood to back up into the veins that lead to the heart, leading to bulging neck veins. If you experience this or any of the symptoms here, contact a medical professional immediately. And to live your happiest and healthiest life, don't miss these Worst Things For Your Health—According to Doctors.
Do you ever wish you could sleep in or go to bed earlier? According to the CDC, 1 in 3 adults is sleep deprived and not getting the proper amount of sleep every night. So if you answered yes, you're not alone. Less sleep could also be hurting weight loss. The CDC says that if the body mass index (BMI) is above 30, the person is considered to have obesity. And according to a new study, people with a BMI above 30 slept only 15 minutes less than those with a BMI under 30.The research was published in JAMA Internal Medicine in mid-September and looked at two year's worth of sleep for over 120,000 people. It found that the average night's sleep lasted for around 6 hours and 47 minutes. However, it also found that "shorter sleep duration and greater sleep variability were both associated with higher BMI." (For more on healthy eating, while awake of course, check out the 21 Best Healthy Cooking Hacks of All Time.)Participant's sleep patterns were tracked on apps and fitness trackers like the Apple Watch and Fitbit. Naps were not included in the study, and height and weight was self-reported. Other health conditions weren't considered, either. The study notes that people who wear tracking watches or devices tend to be "of higher socioeconomic status, younger, and healthier, and these our results might not generalize to other populations."The authors also say that "While we cannot determine the direction of association from our study result, these findings provide further support to the notion that sleep patterns are associated with weight management and overall health."There is another reason why sleeping even just 15 minutes less a night can have negative effects on weight loss. Simply being awake longer means you could consume more calories. Getting fewer zzz's is also linked to a ghrelin hormone spike and a leptin hormone dip, which causes hunger. It's also harder to reject cravings when we're tired, according to CNN.For more weight loss news delivered straight to your inbox every day, sign up for our newsletter!
By now, most of us are well aware of COVID-19's most common symptoms —a dry cough, shortness of breath, fever, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, and new loss of sense of smell. We have also heard about bizarre skin rashes, COVID toes, and even conjunctivitis (aka pink eye). But there are a few brand new signs and symptoms of the highly infectious and potentially deadly disease that doctors have been discovering you need to know about. Read on to hear his essential advice, and to protect your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.1 Silent HypoxiaWith this bizarre symptom, surprising even doctors who have been treating patients for decades, an individual may be suffering a severe COVID lung infection and extremely low oxygen levels—and report no breathing problems whatsoever. In an op-ed for the New York Times describing the phenomenon, Richard Levitan, MD, explained that most patients with the condition reported being sick for a week or so with fever, cough, upset stomach and fatigue, "but they only became short of breath the day they came to the hospital," he maintained. "Their pneumonia had clearly been going on for days, but by the time they felt they had to go to the hospital, they were often already in critical condition." 2 Blood Clotting and StrokesOne sometimes deadly symptom of COVID-19 has to do with abnormal blood clotting. "The autopsy of COVID patients suggests microemboli (small clots) in different organs that explain some of the organ dysfunction in these patients," Hamid Mojibian, MD, a Yale Medicine interventional radiologist who specializes in image-guided cardiac procedures, explains. "COVID patients have a higher risk of forming arterial blood clots that can be extremely dangerous." Depending on where the clot forms or migrates to can determine how dangerous it can be. "All organs in our body depend on blood carried through the arterial system for functioning correctly. Any interruption of blood supply may result in severe consequences," he explains. There have been reports of clots in the aorta, renal arteries (causes renal infarction), legs (causing black foot and gangrene), but the most devastating of all are clots in the brain blood vessels that can cause a stroke—even in younger people. 3 Kawasaki Syndrome-like IllnessOn May 6, New York state officials issued an advisory explaining that 64 children in the state had been hospitalized with a bizarre condition doctors were describing as "pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome." "There are reports now of children presenting with a systemic inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19 that clinically resembles another childhood inflammatory process, Kawasaki Disease," explains Thomas Murray, MD, a Yale Medicine pediatric infectious disease doctor who is an associate professor of pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine. Examples of symptoms parents should watch out for include prolonged high fever, red eyes, rash, muscle aches, vomiting and diarrhea. Typically, these occur several days after the initial infection. 4 Digestive IssuesNew research claims that many COVID patients may not suffer respiratory symptoms at all, and instead suffer gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. While early research found that less than 4% of COVID-19 patients had gastrointestinal symptoms, more recent studies have found the rate to be closer to 11%, while others claim it could be as high as 60%. 5 Malaise, Confusion, or DeliriumFatigue is a well-known symptom of COVID-19, but in some people, primarily seniors, disorientation, delirium, and severe confusion has been reported. In clinical guidelines published by The University of Lausanne Hospital in the Revue Medicale Suisse they maintain that falls and delirium can accompany fevers and digestive issues. Joseph R. Berger, a professor of neurology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, believes that this psychiatric symptom could be due to the "silent hypoxia" explained above—a lack of oxygen in the brain due to low levels in the blood. "The brain … cannot withstand low levels of oxygen," Berger told the Philadelphia Inquirer. "When the brain is not getting enough oxygen, the patient suffers from hypoxia, which can change the way they think."6 Weakness and DehydrationAccording to CNN: "Dr. Sam Torbati, medical director of the Ruth and Harry Roman Emergency Department at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, describes treating seniors who initially appear to be trauma patients but are found to have Covid-19. 'They get weak and dehydrated,' he said, 'and when they stand to walk, they collapse and injure themselves badly.' Torbati has seen older adults who are profoundly disoriented and unable to speak and who appear at first to have suffered strokes. 'When we test them, we discover that what's producing these changes is a central nervous system effect of coronavirus,' he said."7 Lingering SymptomsAccording to the WHO, most people with mild cases of COVID-19 recover within two weeks, while more severe infections can take 3-6 weeks to subside. However, according to new reports out of New York, there are many people past the 30-day mark who have since tested negative, still reporting coronavirus symptoms. One woman, Kerri Noeth, was on day 36, telling ABC7NY that she's been to the ER twice since the 14-day mark with odd lingering symptoms including a "burning and tingling" across her chest and neck paired with a hot flash in addition to "a wide range of lingering symptoms, particularly heart palpitations, and extreme discomfort in my chest and in my ribs." Susan Silverman, on day 38, told the outlet she is still suffering from a loss of sense and smell as well as a "sore arm, vertigo, all these things are not totally tied into a respiratory disease."8 What Should You Do?If you are experiencing these or any of the more traditional coronavirus symptoms, contact your medical professional immediately, particularly if you are at "severe risk." According to the CDC, "those at high-risk for severe illness from COVID-19 are: * People 65 years and older * People who live in a nursing home or long-term care facility * People who have chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma; serious heart conditions; who are immunocompromised; with severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or higher); with diabetes; with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis; and with liver disease.As for yourself: to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch Coronavirus.
Popping back a few beers—or a few bourbons—is as American as football and apple pie. But did you ever stop to think how weird it is, that we're purposefully drinking something that impairs our mental faculties? (Some would say that's the point.) Whether you like a glass of bold cabernet, a Sunday morning mimosa, or a shot of whiskey, here are some things that can happen to your brain when you catch a buzz. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Your Dopamine Levels SpikeIf you're like most people, you enjoy a few drinks in social situations because it makes you happy and allows you to let your guard down. You're more likely to engage in lively conversations, make friends with strangers, or even dance the night away when you're sipping on adult beverages.It may seem harmless to enjoy the moment, but alcohol can actually begin to trick your brain into thinking you have to continue drinking to stay happy. The National Institute on Drug Abuse calculated that over 23% of the admissions to public treatment centers are people who have alcohol use disorders. According to Dr. Stephen Holt, MD, a Yale Medicine expert who specializes in addiction medicine, "alcohol directly leads to the release of endorphins, your body's natural opioids, and dopamine, the neurotransmitter responsible for the reward pathway in our brain, both of which lead to the pleasurable, reinforcing effects of alcohol. It's the repeated episodes of binge-drinking and associated release of endorphins and dopamine that ultimately lead to maladaptive neurological changes that underlie addiction." 2 Your Neurotransmitters Go Haywire Your brain's neurotransmitters are responsible for running chemicals throughout the brain so vital signals are properly transmitted and delivered. According to a study conducted by C. Fernando Valenzuela, M.D., Ph.D., "Evidence suggests that alcohol affects brain function by interacting with multiple neurotransmitter systems, thereby disrupting the delicate balance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters." When you have alcohol in your system, your neurotransmitters can't do their job correctly. With malfunctioning neurotransmitters, you may find it tough to process your thoughts and emotions. Dr. Holt warns about these "disinhibiting effects of alcohol that cause transient impairments in coordination, executive functioning, and memory consolidation." Stumbles and wobbles when you're under the influence are directly related to this disruption in your brain's neurotransmitters.RELATED: What Happens to Your Body When You Have a Hangover 3 Disruption in Your Hippocampus Causes Memory LossAlcohol blackouts are usually associated with a night of heavy binge drinking. If you've consumed a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time, it's likely you'll wake up the next day not remembering everything that happened the night before.However, even if you only had a few glasses of wine the night before, you still might forget about the conversation you had with a co-worker or the cheeseburger you ate at 2 a.m. According to a study published in Alcohol Research&Health, "Blackouts are much more common among social drinkers than previously assumed and should be viewed as a potential consequence of acute intoxication regardless of age or whether one is clinically dependent upon alcohol."But your brain should still hold on to your long-term memories. The study concludes, "Alcohol primarily interferes with the ability to form new long–term memories, leaving intact previously established long–term memories and the ability to keep new information active in memory for brief periods." This memory loss occurs due to a disruption in your hippocampus, which is a "brain region that plays a central role in the formation of new autobiographical memories." The hippocampus receives its information from a variety of brain regions, so when alcohol begins to affect your neurotransmitters and other areas, this communication of information is also thrown off. If you're planning on having a few drinks, be prepared for some gaps in your memory the next day. 4 Your GABA Receptors Prevent You From Effective SleepEver notice how you usually wake up tired on the morning after you had some drinks? You could be getting poor sleep when you have alcohol in your system due to its effects on your brain's gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. According to Dr. Kansagra, "Alcohol acts on receptors in our brains known as GABA receptors which help induce sleep. The initial effects of helping us fall asleep is followed later in the night by a withdrawal from alcohol. This causes frequent arousals and lighter sleep in the second half of the night and may result in an early morning without sufficient rest."In addition to messing with your GABA receptors, alcohol may also make it impossible to get a good night's sleep simply because it causes dehydration. This dehydration can also cause your body to feel the effects of alcohol withdrawal during the night, making it hard to continue sleeping restfully. RELATED: I'm a Doctor and This Vitamin May Reduce Your COVID Risk 5 Your Brain Cells May DieMinimal or moderate drinking may not have lasting negative effects on your brain but people with alcohol use disorders or those who binge drink frequently should be concerned about their brain cells. A study conducted by the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Texas Medical Branch exposed adult mice to alcohol. Researchers concluded that alcohol killed the stem cells in these mice. These brain cells are essential for normal cognitive function and are used to create new nerve cells. This study found that the severity of these negative effects may vary, depending on gender, age, and the rate of alcohol consumption. Chronic alcohol users may be susceptible to brain damage and neurodegeneration due to the loss of brain cells.While an ice cold beer or a glass of wine may seem harmless, the consumption of any type of alcohol can have negative effects on your brain. Before you guzzle your next alcoholic beverage, consider all the negative reactions your brain may experience just so you can take a delicious sip.RELATED: 11 Signs You Need to Go the ER—By an ER Doctor 6 You Could Develop a Thiamine DeficiencyThe occasional drinker shouldn't have to worry about malnourishment or vitamin deficiency, but these conditions are associated with heavy and frequent alcohol use. Thiamin is a B vitamin that is essential for cerebral metabolism and according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, thiamine deficiency can lead to decreased levels of: * Alpha-keto-glutarate. * Acetate. * Citrate. * Acetylcholine.It also leads to an accumulation of lactate and pyruvate. According to Dr. Holt, "Heavy drinking is often associated with malnutrition since there are no vitamins in alcohol. This can lead to an irreversible alcohol-related dementia known as Wernike's Encephalopathy." The chemical imbalance in the brain associated with thiamine deficiency is usually what causes WE.When you develop WE, your peripheral and central nervous systems are negatively affected, leading to constant confusion and disorientation. Some patients diagnosed with this disorder lose their ability to walk. About 5% of patients die from WE and only about 10% are ever well enough to leave long-term care facilities and live on their own again. 7 How to Drink RespobnsiblyAccording to Dr. Sujay Kansagra, director of Duke University's pediatric neurology sleep medicine program, it's important to "try to drink in moderation and always avoid combining alcohol with other drugs, such as sleep aids and pain medications." If you're going to drink, stick with a glass or two of heart-healthy red wine. And to live your happiest and healthiest life, don't miss these Worst Things For Your Health—According to Doctors
In an ideal world, you'd get all of your essential vitamins and minerals from the food you eat. But looking at the average American diet, one thing is clear: It's time to call for some backup. According to a meta-analysis of studies done by Oregon State University, 75 percent of us aren't eating the daily recommended amount of fruit, and 80 percent aren't eating enough vegetables. That means 94 percent of us don't meet the daily recommended intake of Vitamin D, half of us don't get enough magnesium (read on to find out why that mineral is crucial), and 44 percent aren't getting enough calcium.That can have serious health consequences down the road, as our bodies cope with aging. We asked experts what supplements can help fill in the gaps. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.1 A Multivitamin"This is the best way to assure that you are getting the majority of the micronutrients and minerals you need in just one pill," says Yeral Patel, MD, a board-certified physician in anti-aging regenerative and family medicine in Newport Beach, California. "Today's diets, with their various restrictions and exclusions, don't allow us to get all the minerals and nutrients we need solely from the foods we eat."The Rx: "I recommend buying from a source that sells medical-grade products to assure that they are pure, safe, and do not contain any fillers," says Patel, who likes the brands Designs for Health, Metagenics, Integrative Therapeutics and Thorne.2 Vitamin DMost of us are deficient in the "sunshine vitamin," so named because our bodies produce it naturally when skin is exposed to the sun. It is believed to guard against several types of cancer and is essential for strong bones, a particular concern as we age."Bone health is important for both women and men, although we tend to hear more about it as a woman's issue," says Nicole Avena, Ph.D., assistant professor of neuroscience at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and visiting professor of health psychology at Princeton University. "The reality is that men are also at risk for developing bone-related conditions, including osteoporosis. Vitamin D is important because it helps maintain bone health in a number of ways. For one, it improves your body's absorption of calcium."The Rx: The RDA (recommended daily allowance) for Vitamin D is 600 IU for adults up to age 70 and 800 IU for adults 71 or older. Some experts consider that low for adults of any age, suggesting it should be raised to at least 1,000 IU per day. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the upper limit for Vitamin D is 4,000 IU daily.RELATED: I'm a Doctor and This Vitamin May Reduce Your COVID Risk3 Vitamin B12The B vitamins are crucial to the production of energy, and Vitamin B12 is particularly important for brain function. "If you don't get enough B12, you can experience brain fog or lethargy," says Avena. "As we age, we may need to take vitamin B12 supplements to get the recommended amount. We often have more difficulty absorbing B12 that we get from food."The Rx: "Frunutta makes a sublingual vitamin B12 that is easy to ingest and dissolves right under the tongue, which helps bypass the absorption issue," says Avena. The RDA of Vitamin B12 is 2.4mcg. According to the NIH, an upper limit has not been set because Vitamin B12 has not been shown to cause harm.4 Fiber"Getting enough fiber is important for everyone, however, men need to get the most fiber," says Amanda Kostro Miller, RD, LDN, a registered dietitian and advisor to Smart Healthy Living. "Fiber helps to keep things moving, can help you lower cholesterol, and may also help you control your blood sugar if you have diabetes."The Rx: Men should aim for 38 grams of fiber per day overall, says Miller. If you're not getting that much from food, you might want to look into a supplement.5 Magnesium"If there is one mineral almost everyone needs, it is magnesium," says Heidi Moretti, MS, RD, a registered dietitian in Missoula, Montana, who has worked in hospitals for two decades. "Some research suggests that 70 percent of Americans fall short. This may lead to digestive issues, poor sleep, mood swings, and increased risk of heart disease."Magnesium is especially important to men because it aids the production of testosterone, which declines with age. "Most men begin to experience a decrease in testosterone around age 30," says Anthony Kouri, MD, an orthopedic surgeon at the University of Toledo Medical Center. "With loss of testosterone comes decreased stamina, loss of muscle mass and lower energy levels. Research has shown that magnesium supplementation increases testosterone levels and lowers men's risk of developing cardiovascular disease."The Rx: The recommended daily allowance for magnesium actually increases slightly for adults over 30, to 420mg per day for men and 320mg for women. The NIH says the upper tolerable limit of magnesium is 350mg daily (that applies only to a magnesium supplement).6 CalciumBone health becomes a priority after age 40, when bone density starts to decline. A calcium supplement can help. "Calcium serves many purposes in the body, but is essential for strong bones," says Kouri. Getting adequate Vitamin D along with calcium is important, because D enables calcium absorption.The Rx: The recommended daily amount of calcium is 1,000 mg for adults up to age 50. That increases to 1,200 mg for adult women between age 51 and 70, and both sexes after age 71. The upper daily limit for adults 50 and younger is 2,500 mg; for adults over 51, it's 2,000 mg.7 CoQ10CoQ10 (Conenzyme Q10) is a powerful antioxidant generated by the body to keep cells healthy and functioning properly. Levels decline as we age, and CoQ10 deficiency has been associated with a number of diseases. A 2018 meta-analysis of studies found that taking CoQ10 may improve heart function and improve symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases.The Rx: There is no established daily dose of CoQ10.RELATED: I'm an Infectious Disease Doctor and Would Never Touch This8 Fish Oil (Omega-3 fatty acids)Omega-3s fatty acids are great for our heart and may reduce inflammation throughout the body. "Omega-3 fatty acids can cause a major reduction in triglycerides, blood pressure, blood clots, plaque formation, and inflammation, which are all heart disease risk factors," says Kouri. "People who are depressed and anxious are likely to see improvement if they begin taking omega-3 supplements. In addition, omega-3s helps prevent macular degeneration, which can cause vision impairment and blindness."The Rx: The National Institutes of Health recommend women get 1,100mg and men have 1,600mg of omega-3s daily.9 Probiotics"Probiotics are beneficial to both men and women of all ages for maintaining a healthy microbiome and immune function," says Lawrence Hoberman, MD, a board-certified gastroenterologist in San Antonio, Texas. "As men age, they require more urinary tract and prostate support. Probiotics have been shown to reduce the risk of chronic prostatitis as well as treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, or enlarged prostate, and accompanying urinary tract problems."The Rx: Choose a brand of probiotic with varying strains to start. Specific strains may be helpful to certain conditions, notes Hoberman. "Lactobacillus acidophilus combats harmful, disease-causing bacteria while acting as a natural antibiotic," he says. "Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are also beneficial to prostate health, improving immune function and reducing inflammation that could lessen the risk of developing prostate cancer."10 ZincAccording to the National Institutes of Health, zinc helps the body's immune system fight off bacteria and viruses. Even more crucially to many guys, it's essential for the male sex organs because it aids in the production of testosterone and prolactin. Zinc deficiency has been linked to erectile dysfunction.The Rx: Adult men are advised to get 11mg a day. The NIH says the upper tolerable limit is 40 mg daily, although that doesn't apply to men who are taking zinc under a doctor's care.11 Iodine"This little-known nutrient plays a big role in your thyroid health," says Moretti. "Your thyroid is your central regulator of metabolism. Without enough iodine, it won't work well. Why are men low in iodine? Too many processed foods."The Rx: The RDA for iodine is 150 mcg, and the upper limit is 1,100 mcg. "Although you need enough iodine, don't take large doses without the supervision of your doctor," says Moretti. Too much can send your thyroid into overdrive.12 Plant ProteinAdequate protein intake is essential for maintaining lean muscle, which keeps the metabolism humming as we age. If you're not getting enough, you may want to look into supplementing with plant protein, which tends to be easier to digest than formulations containing whey.The Rx: The current RDA for protein is 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight for adults over 18—about 66 grams for a 180-pound person. But some studies suggest that adults over 65 may need more. Talk to your doctor about what's right for you.13 Vitamin CIt's not the miracle cure-all it was touted as for much of the twentieth century, but Vitamin C is essential for immune system support and collagen production.The Rx: The recommended daily allowance of Vitamin C is 90 mg for adult men, while the upper limit is 2,000 mg.RELATED: 11 Signs You Need to Go the ER—By an ER Doctor14 Vitamin B1If you're a tippler, you might be deficient in this B vitamin, also known as thiamin. "This is an essential B vitamin in which we often become depleted," says Arielle Levitan, MD, an internal medicine physician in Chicago and co-founder of Vous Vitamin. Thiamin is key to optimal functioning of the brain and nerves. Additionally, "Alcohol competes with thiamin, and replacing it helps in the prevention of toxic effects."The Rx: The RDA of thiamin is 1.2 mg. According to the NIH, an upper limit has not been set.15 Collagen"Over time, our bodies' natural ability to produce collagen wears down, so it's a good idea to consider a supplement," says Avena. "Collagen supplements can bring relief from pain by combating aging tissue and arthritis, aiding normal repair of ligaments, tendons, joints and bones while improving connective tissue. It can also help improve skin elasticity, which can delay the appearance of wrinkles."The Rx: You can add collagen supplements to a daily smoothie or mix them with water. "Further Food makes a flavorless collagen supplement powder, as well as a chocolate one," says Avena. These essential vitamins and minerals will keep your health in check. And to live your happiest and healthiest life, don't miss these Worst Things For Your Health—According to Doctors