Dengue cases in Singapore have reached a record of 22,403 as of Tuesday (4 Aug)—the highest recorded in a single year since the previous dengue outbreak in 2013.
This year’s dengue cases have already surpassed the 22,170 record in 2013, considering that there are still five more months till the end year.
The National Environment Agency (NEA) reported on 5 August that the number of weekly dengue cases has declined from a high of 1,792 in the third week of July, to 1,380 in the week ending 1 August.
“However, continued vigilance is needed, as the number of weekly dengue cases remains persistently high at above 1,000,” said NEA.
Before this year, the highest number of dengue cases recorded in a week was 891 in 2014.
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25-year-old is Youngest Dengue Fatality
According to the Ministry of Health (MOH), a total of 20 people have died from dengue this year as of Sunday (2 Aug), including the youngest fatality aged 25.
The oldest victim, on the other hand, is aged 92.
Of the 20 victims, 18 of them had worked or lived in active dengue clusters said MOH. No other details of the latest fatality were revealed.
The last time a dengue fatality involved a young person was in 2016. The rare case was tagged to an 11-year-old boy who was admitted to KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (KKH) on 30 August 2016 and died the same day.
Said MOH then: “Although uncommon, there have been previous cases of children aged 12 and below passing away due to dengue.”
More Dengue Patients Developing Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever
According to MOH, about 0.2 per cent of dengue patients this year developed dengue haemorrhagic fever—a more severe form of dengue that can be fatal.
And in the past 10 years, the proportion of these cases has ranged between 0.1 and 0.8 per cent.
MOH said that although most dengue patients recover from the infection, elderly patients and those with pre-existing medical conditions face higher risks of developing complications.
However, while those who are older face higher risk of dying from dengue, people of all age groups have suffered adverse effects from the infection, including severe liver damage, said Dr Leong Choon Kit, a family physician at Mission Medical Clinic to the Straits Times.
“The danger is not related to a particular age group. What we know is that those who get it bad usually have early damage to their liver, low albumin levels and are poorly hydrated,” he said.
According to him, the best precautions is for people to protect themselves against bites, get rid of breeding sites, see a doctor early, hydrate and get enough rest.
Prevention Measures Against Dengue
Eliminate mosquito breeding sites
- Clean out any surfaces that collect stagnant water. There could be mosquitos breeding in indoor bamboo plants, the area under the air-conditioning vents, the dog’s water bowl or even discarded tire outside the house
- Keep your house clean, dry and hygienic
- Throw away wet garbage such as vegetable stalks, fruits peels, etc., regularly
- Clean out any flower pots and throw out dead plants
- Dress your child in long-sleeved clothing and trousers to reduce exposed skin
- Make him wear light-coloured clothes as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors
- Use Citronella oil-based creams and sprays or other herbal mosquito repellents. Avoid using such on baby’s delicate skin unless your paediatrician advises it
- Experiment with placing mosquito repellent plants around the house. However, one must ensure that the water drains out well to avoid stagnant water
- Use mosquito nets while sleeping
- If you do not already have them, install mosquito meshes on windows. Make sure these are free of holes
- Lighting a mosquito coil at night helps keep mosquitoes away but ensure proper ventilation and that your child is not allergic to the fumes
Image source: File Photo
Stay indoors when mosquitoes are most active
- Limit the amount of time children spent outside during the day, especially in the hours around dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active
- Air conditioning also helps keep mosquitoes at bay